Ontario Black History Society

402-10 Adelaide St. E, Toronto, ON, M5C 1J3

Temporarily closed due to COVID-19

Contact us at admin@godaddy.blackhistorysociety.ca or (416)-867-9420

Charity Registration Number: 119930295RR0001

ENSLAVEMENT IN CANADA: EARLY 1600s TO 1834

ENSLAVEMENT IN CANADA: EARLY 1600s TO 1834

In early Canada, the enslavement of African peoples was a legal instrument that helped fuel colonial economic enterprise. Enslavement was introduced by French colonists in New France in the early 1600s, and lasted until it was abolished throughout British North America in 1834. During that two- century period, Canada was involved in the transatlantic slave trade. Within the country’s borders, people were bought, sold and enslaved. Canada was further linked to the institution of enslavement through international trade. The country exchanged products such as salted cod and timber for slave-produced goods such as rum, molasses, tobacco and sugar from slaveholding colonies in the Caribbean.